Advantages And Disadvantages Of Tourism Tourism Essay (2022)

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Advantages of Tourism

Tourism is a popular industry to develop local economics in the world. Apart from the development of economy, tourism also can bring many advantages to local governments and residents. A large number of governments all want to develop tourism to get maximum benefits, even some governments spent much more energy and money on development of tourism. The development of tourism can drive economic growth and working unit increase, so tourism is a significant catalyst for economic growth and employment. 'Tourism is worth almost £64bn p.a. to the national economy. It contributes 2.8-3.9% of total GDP and earns almost £16bn in foreign exchange each year. Tourism employs almost 1.8m people, which is 7% of the employed workforce. One in five of all new jobs are created in the tourism industry'. (Liddell 2011).

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(Video) Tourism advantages and disadvantages

Furthermore, developing tourism is beneficial to local education system. In fact, many tourists go to travel to some famous places, and tourists will point some useful advises to forest or facilities management system. 'Tourists provide an endless supply of people from around the world that can be targeted and educated on everything from forest stewardship to local history and plans for the future' (Stushnoff, 2009).

Moreover, tourism can help for fundraising, governments can raise money to build some public facilities or invest for poor children. It is good for the government's credibility, and fundraising is also beneficial to improve the local economy. A tourist provides an easy target for fundraising. Tourists pay fees for everything from camping sites and park entry fees, to licenses for fishing and hunting. The more tourists in a controlled area, means the more money that can be collected for things like education, policing and maintenance of national wilderness areas (Stushnoff, 2009). And then, developing tourism is promoting culture exchange, and local residents can communicate with foreigners. A deep understanding other countries or national culture, it also consummate the local education and broadening residents' horizons.

Disadvanatages of Tourism

Meanwhile, developing tourism also brings many negative effects for local residents and the environment. Above all, pollution is the biggest negative factor concerning tourism. For example, people take transport to their destination, if they take cars or planes, it will cause some air pollution, and it is damage the local environment and affects local residents.Trips to distant conferences can have serious environmental impacts, especially if made by airplane.Because of the aggressive impact of greenhouse gas emissions in the upper atmosphere, their threat to the global climate is more serious than similar trips made at surface level. (Karl and Petter 2001).

(Video) Introduction To Tourism | Advantages and Disadvantages

Moreover, plastic pollution is also a very serious problem from tourism. Many people drop litter carelessly everywhere, especially, some drink's plastics and plastic packets. It causes soil pollution and ruin the environment, this factor can affect local residents' lives. Moreover, noise pollution also influences the local residents' lives. May not seem like a big problem, but loud noises can scare animals out of the area and possibly even disrupt the local ecosystem (Stushnoff, 2009).

Furthermore, water pollution is the most important thing for local residents. People cannot live without water, Visitors often put rubbish into the tourist attractions the stream or sometimes spit into the water and nearby bushes, it causes many kinds of lives dead which live in the river because of pollution, and it influences the ecological balance in the rivers.

Regard to local natural resources, developing tourism is wasting many resources, and often behind the requirement. Basically tourism can produce great pressure on local resources like energy, food, and other raw materials that may already be in short supply. So the local governments suffer these pressures from tourism. 'Greater extraction and transport of these resources depraves the physical impacts associated with their exploitation. Because of the seasonal character of the industry, a high demand is placed upon these resources to meet the high expectations tourists often have (proper heating, hot water, etc'.(UNEP, 2001).

Concerning Ecological destruction, the development of tourism is indirectly contact to ecological destruction. There are some examples; the first thing is Marine life, it is being wrecked by irresponsible and unregulated tourism by diving, water sports and coastal tourism. Secondly, skiing in Northern Europe has led to mass tourism development which has felled forests and large numbers of tourists have been introduced into fragile and remote destinations.

Solutions to Problems Casued by Tourism

Currently many people worry about the problems of environment from tourism. So there are some solutions to solve the problems which are caused by tourism, first of all, improving the environment management and planning. In the most of countries, the local governments have not carry out good law or rules for improving the environment management and planning. So the local environment has become worse and worse, the local governments should carry out correct and effective environment management to better to develop tourism.

In the meantime, governments should also have a good awareness on protecting the environment even local residents. Basically, local governments should carry out some effective actions to make people have better environmental protection consciousness, and the government should play a leadership role to protect the environment. For example, government may require the local media to play some environmental protection advertisements; government officials should get correct points and measures. Then people will realize the serious problem about environment and have a correct awareness for protecting environment. Secondly, regulatory measures are very important for protecting the environment, if governments have not carried out some management measures to environmental protection, it will affect lots of things, even the tourism development. Regulatory measures help offset negative impacts; for instance, controls on the number of tourist activities and movement of visitors within protected areas can limit impacts on the ecosystem and help maintain the integrity and vitality of the site. (UNEP 2001).

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Recently some governments aggravating the construction of ecological tourism, eco-tourism is a much more important and effective solution for protecting environment and biodiversity. It means increase the income from tourism with protecting environment and biodiversity. And eco-tourism offers countries new opportunities for small-enterprise investment and employment. In the meantime, it increases the national stake in protecting their biological resources. Besides benefits for economy and environmental protection, it also better to save resources. By recognizing the importance of protecting biological diversity, ecotourism is raising appreciation for biological resources and leading to better conservation practices by developing country populations.(Merg,1999)

And many countries have trade agreements for protecting the environment. For example, governments limit the number of businessmen and commodities, especially some forest fires which may damage the environment. These measures are very important and effective to solve the environmental problems. Trade agreements and environmental treaties have also played a critical role in strengthening many national environmental practices (Vogel ,1997).

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Next, investment is one of the most effective ways to protect or manage the environment. Governments get big business and benefits from the tourism, which they can invest to environment. On the one hand, the governments can make the environment better; on the other hand, the better environment can attract more customers to visit. So currently the majority of countries' governments all spend a large number of money on managing the environment.

Moreover, addressing the impact of tourism transport is also one of the most important for protecting environment; so many local governments carry out some measures to solve this problem. For example, reducing the number of airports and limits some large displacement of transport. According to the needs of tourism development, transport should be used frequently, especially in some the height of tourism, for example, in the summer and public holidays, a large number of customers will go to famous places to travel, it will cause the big pressure for traffic, and it is very easy to cause the traffic jam, which cause traffic inconvenience and travel unhappy. 'Streets free of traffic congestion, adequate approaches to main highways, enough parking space, usage of ITS for tracking and a more effective utilization of existing infrastructure and regulation of traffic flows, keeping trucks outside of settlements, closing city cores for road transport, creating pedestrian precincts in parts particularly interesting to visitors are main points for the integral organization of traffic in a city or a settlement-tourist destination.'(Mrnjavac,2008).

In the future, tourism will be more popular and important in the world.it will brings bigger business and more employment opportunities. In the economic sphere, the WTTC anticipates that tourism will have a global value of US$10.8trillion by 2018, and by 2020, the number of travelling tourists will approach 1.6 billion. On development of employment, those directly employed by tourism worldwide will rise from 238 million this year to 296 million, or one in every 10.8 jobs, by 2018(Rowe 2011).

Currently the environmental protection measures are not very effective. But in the future, maybe tourism have good management measures for protecting the environment, and local residents could have the comforts of life without considering the environmental problems from tourism. Many people expect that the environment will be better and the tourism development will be perfection in the future, so in next paragraphs, it will introduce tourism development and environmental changes in the future. In the first place, reducing damage to the environment from tourism, generally governments must carry out some measures and laws to reduce damage to the environment even now the majority of governments spend a large number of money and energy to manage these problem of environment. Thus the environmental problems will be fewer than before, many people believes that the environment will be better and wonderful. In the second place, with the progress of The Times and the technology is in constant updates, so in the future governments will invest more and more money for contributing to local tourism development. More and more different and advanced facilities will be built during the tourism development, which could attract more customers to travel.

Furthermore, addressing the impact of tourism transport, as we know, tourism's transport brings a big problem to the environment¼šair pollution. So in the future the transport system will be more comprehensive and sustainable development, people can do not worry about much more traffic jams during their traveling in happy time, and make the people's trip more suitable and effective.

Moreover, the development of ecological tourism will be more comprehensive in the future, it wills the better to manage the environment and reduce the damage from the tourism, and better to develop the local economy. Increasing local participation in the benefits of biodiversity conservation (through new sources of jobs and incomes), and generating revenues toward conservation of biologically rich areas(Merg 1999)

As a result, developing tourism is a very important industry in the world. It brings a big business and many employment opportunities, which are easing the current global employment crisis, and with tourism developing, the local education level and cultural communication skills and have substantially improved. But in the meantime, it also brings many negative effects and very serious problems to the environment and local residents' lives. It affects the local resident's normal lives with big noise and environmental pollution. And developing tourism is destructing the environment seriously, especially the ecological disruption and environmental pollution. Actually the problems of environmental management should be faced by the whole world, people should consider how to protect the environment and have a good awareness to environmental protection. As a consequence, governments should keep the balance between the environment and tourism revenue.

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FAQs

What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism? ›

Comparison Table for Advantages and Disadvantages of Tourism
AdvantagesDisadvantages
Incentive to preserve the natural environmentTourism mainly provides low level jobs
Tourism promotes international connectionsSeasonal Nature of tourism
Helps to put nations on the global mapSmall businesses are unable to keep up
4 more rows
18 Apr 2022

What are the advantages of tourism essay? ›

It contribute majorly to the economy and employment opportunities of a nation. Tourism has many benefits such as increase in per capita income, foreign reserves etc., Increase in education status, trade and commerce, employment opportunities, revenue for govt., Investment in various other sectors etc.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism in the modern world do you think that the benefits of tourism outweigh its drawbacks? ›

To conclude, although tourism can have certain negative effects like destructive impact and growth of crime rate, it has an extremely positive influence on country's economy and provides a large number of new jobs for the local people. I believe that these benefits of tourism outweigh its drawbacks.

What is tourism in your own words essay? ›

In general terms, tourism is the movement of a person from one place to another to visit and mesmerize the beauty of that place or to have fun. Moreover, the concept of traveling is considered a luxury and only people with higher income can afford this luxury.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of essay writing? ›

Advantage / Disadvantage Essay Tips
  1. spend time planning the benefits and drawbacks of the statement given.
  2. make sure you have relevant supporting points.
  3. put your advantages together in one body paragraph and the same with the disadvantages.
  4. follow a safe advantage disadvantage essay model.

What is the advantage and disadvantages? ›

As nouns, the difference between disadvantage and advantage is that disadvantage is a weakness or undesirable characteristic; a con while the advantage is any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or any desired end.

What is the advantage of tourism? ›

Tourism boosts the revenue of the economy, creates thousands of jobs, develops the infrastructures of a country, and plants a sense of cultural exchange between foreigners and citizens. The number of jobs created by tourism in many different areas is significant.

What is advantage and disadvantage of cultural tourism? ›

Cultural Pros and Cons of Tourism
BenefitsDetriments
It promotes cross-cultural connections, appreciation, and understanding.When tourists don't understand or respect local culture and traditions, culture clashes result.
The commercialization of a culture can undermine its meaning and detract from tradition.
20 May 2022

What is the advantage of essay? ›

By writing essays, students can learn how to formulate and defend their own arguments, use evidence effectively, and improve their overall writing skills. In addition, essay writing can also provide an opportunity for students to receive feedback on their work from teachers or other experts.

What is another word for advantages and disadvantages? ›

“But the answer is to be found in the fact that the advantages and disadvantages of parenthood are inextricably bound together.”
...
What is another word for advantages and disadvantages?
pros and consfors and againsts
positive negative effectsreasons to support and oppose
strengths and shortcomingsstrengths and weaknesses
11 more rows

What is tourism Short answer? ›

According to the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO), tourism entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes.

How tourism can benefit education? ›

Inclusiveness: The tourism sector can provide incentives to further invest in education and labour mobility, especially inclusive of youth, women, senior citizens, indigenous peoples & those with special needs, also helping teach values of tolerance, peace, global exchange and citizenship.

How do you write a conclusion for advantages and disadvantages essay? ›

Give supporting details and examples. ​Conclusion:​ Re-iterate the topic question. Summarize the main points and if applicable, say whether you think there are more advantages or disadvantages.

What are the disadvantages of essay? ›

Disadvantages of Essay Questions:
  • Takes longer to grade on paper.
  • Graded manually online.
  • Take longer to answer.
  • Can be graded unfairly.
  • Questions can be read differently resulting in not being able to answer correctly.
  • Will not cover as much varied content in a Test as other question types.

How do you talk about disadvantages? ›

The following words and phrases are often used when discussing the cons of an issue.
  1. One/A Drawback.
  2. One/A Downside.
  3. One/A Disadvantage.
  4. One/A Negative.
  5. One/A Bad side.
  6. One/ A Minus.
  7. One criticism I have is…
  8. An argument against this is…
21 Oct 2020

What is example of disadvantages? ›

The definition of a disadvantage is an unfavorable situation or something that puts someone in an unfavorable situation. An example of a disadvantage is a baseball player not being able to play. An example of a disadvantage is a baseball team's star player having to sit out because of an injury.

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of a partnership? ›

Advantages and disadvantages of a partnership business
  • 1 Less formal with fewer legal obligations. ...
  • 2 Easy to get started. ...
  • 3 Sharing the burden. ...
  • 4 Access to knowledge, skills, experience and contacts. ...
  • 5 Better decision-making. ...
  • 6 Privacy. ...
  • 7 Ownership and control are combined. ...
  • 8 More partners, more capital.
27 Aug 2017

What advantage can tourism bring to a city? ›

Advantages of Tourism

Tourism brings money and boosts the economy. It offers employment to local people. It offers fresh perspectives on life and culture. Locals usually need to learn English to talk to tourists which can have beneficial long term effects.

What is tourism and its importance? ›

Tourism is an activity of the movement of people that deserves the praise of all human beings. It can further be called activity of movement of people (visitors) and activities of the provider (the person or agency which supplies various services and products to the visitors) during the course of the travel.

How do I start my introduction? ›

5 Ways to Write an Introduction [Summary]
  1. Start with a quotation.
  2. Open with a relevant stat or fun fact.
  3. Start with a fascinating story.
  4. Ask your readers an intriguing question.
  5. Set the scene.
8 Sept 2017

How do you start an essay introduction? ›

Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order: An opening hook to catch the reader's attention. Relevant background information that the reader needs to know. A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.

What is the disadvantage of tourism in culture? ›

The cultural tourism may also bring other negative impacts to the locals such as the local economy might be unstable, costs of living for the locals is increasing, and among other negative effects like pollution, environmental problems, local economy destabilization due to the quick change in the population number, and ...

What are advantages of cultural tourism? ›

Cultural tourism is important for various reasons; it has a positive economic and social impact, it establishes and reinforces identity, it helps build image, it helps preserve the cultural and historical heritage, with culture as an instrument it facilitates harmony and understanding among people, it supports culture ...

What is the disadvantages of cultural tourism? ›

Cultural tourism also has negative sides. There may be negative effects on local residents, such as making the local economy unstable, increasing the cost of living for local residents, increasing pollution or creating environmental problems.

What are the advantages of tourism? ›

Tourism boosts the revenue of the economy, creates thousands of jobs, develops the infrastructures of a country, and plants a sense of cultural exchange between foreigners and citizens. The number of jobs created by tourism in many different areas is significant.

What is advantage and disadvantage of cultural tourism? ›

Cultural Pros and Cons of Tourism
BenefitsDetriments
It promotes cross-cultural connections, appreciation, and understanding.When tourists don't understand or respect local culture and traditions, culture clashes result.
The commercialization of a culture can undermine its meaning and detract from tradition.
20 May 2022

What are the advantages and disadvantages of mass tourism? ›

Economic impacts
Positive impactsNegative impacts
Improvement in general infrastructure can help locals.Traditional jobs will be lost as an area switches focus in providing for tourists needs.
Profits may 'leak' out of an area and back to the headquarters of a multi-national tourism organisation or hotel chain.
3 more rows

What is a disadvantage of tourism? ›

Environmental disadvantages of tourism. Intense use of resources. Physical damage to natural and marine areas. Increased waste, pollution and emissions. Land use and infrastructure development.

What is tourism and its importance? ›

Tourism is an activity of the movement of people that deserves the praise of all human beings. It can further be called activity of movement of people (visitors) and activities of the provider (the person or agency which supplies various services and products to the visitors) during the course of the travel.

What is the disadvantage of tourism in culture? ›

The cultural tourism may also bring other negative impacts to the locals such as the local economy might be unstable, costs of living for the locals is increasing, and among other negative effects like pollution, environmental problems, local economy destabilization due to the quick change in the population number, and ...

What are advantages of cultural tourism? ›

Cultural tourism is important for various reasons; it has a positive economic and social impact, it establishes and reinforces identity, it helps build image, it helps preserve the cultural and historical heritage, with culture as an instrument it facilitates harmony and understanding among people, it supports culture ...

What is the disadvantages of cultural tourism? ›

Cultural tourism also has negative sides. There may be negative effects on local residents, such as making the local economy unstable, increasing the cost of living for local residents, increasing pollution or creating environmental problems.

What are the problems of tourism? ›

Tourism often puts pressure on natural resources through over-consumption, often in places where resources are already scarce. Tourism puts enormous stress on local land use, and can lead to soil erosion, increased pollution, natural habitat loss, and more pressure on endangered species.

Is tourism good or bad? ›

Tourism is responsible for generating many different jobs within a country, thus being a hugely positive influence on the economy. One of the other direct benefits of tourism on a country is the undeniable growth in jobs, and the number of business opportunities that open up for the local people.

What are the economic disadvantages of tourism? ›

Infrastructure cost

Another one of the negative economic impacts of tourism is the cost of infrastructure. Tourism development can cost the local government and local taxpayers a great deal of money. Tourism may require the government to improve the airport, roads and other infrastructure, which are costly.

What are the advantages of tourism class 9? ›

The advantages of tourism are:
  • We can gain knowledge about the place, culture, civilization, life style by the tour.
  • We can satisfy our curiosity going to different places.
  • Going on tour to religious place we find peace of mind.
  • We gain happiness and health improvement by visiting different places.
26 Aug 2020

What are the advantages of tourism in India? ›

Direct benefits include economic support for hotels, retail shops, transportation services, entertainment venues and attractions, while indirect benefits include government spending on related infrastructure, plus the domestic spending of Indians employed in the tourism sector.

Is tourism good for developing countries? ›

Tourism offers great opportunities for emerging economies and developing countries. It creates jobs, strengthens the local economy, contributes to local infrastructure development and can help to conserve the natural environment and cultural assets and traditions, and to reduce poverty and inequality.

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